When you plan for literacy activities at small group centers, you typically want your students to work independently or in small groups while you, the teacher, work with small groups or individual students. You may be teaching guided reading groups, giving assessments, or carrying out individual interventions. Regardless of the activity, you want the rest of the class to stay engaged in learning. To accomplish this, you will need some fun and exciting activities to put out that are as educational as they are entertaining.
Provided with engaging and developmentally appropriate literacy center activities, kids tend to stay more focused as they work without direct support from the teacher. The teacher is then able to focus on providing small group instruction with minimal interruption.
The following literacy activities are designed to keep everyone engaged in their small-group activities.
Rainbow Writing. Students can rainbow write to practice writing letters, words, and names. To prepare for a rainbow writing activity, write each student’s name on a large strip of white poster-board or construction paper with a marker. Laminate each name strip. Once the names are laminated, your students can use dry erase markers to trace over the names you wrote. To achieve the”rainbow writing” result, I ask them to use 3 or more colors and trace over their names a few times. The dry erase markers will easily wipe off the laminated paper with an eraser or tissue. When students can write their name independently, they can flip over the laminated poster-board and rainbow write their names on their own without the written name to trace over.
Uppercase/ Lowercase Letter Sort. Here is a simple uppercase/ lowercase letter sort activity for kindergarten. Simply print out the PDF and let your students cut out the letters and glue them to the appropriate uppercase or lowercase column. Download the Uppercase/ Lowercase Sort Activity PDF from TeachersPayTeachers.com
Play-Doh Names. Prepare the names as you would for rainbow writing, writing names on a large strip of poster-board and laminating them. You can also use the same laminated paper names that you used for the rainbow writing activity above. Give each kid a zip-lock bag of play-doh and tell them to cover their written names with it. As students become more familiar with their names, they can turn their laminated name strip paper over to the blank side and form the letters in their names with play-doh without written support.
Play-Doh Sight Words. Students use play-doh to form letters and sight words. Either write each sight word on a piece of paper and laminate it, or supply students with blank laminated construction paper and give them a list of sight words to use as a guide as they create their own play-doh sight words.
Cut Up Sentence Strip Names. Students write their name on a sentence strip and then cut it into pieces. Then students mix up the pieces and try to put their “puzzle” back together. Your kids can store sentence strip puzzles in a zip-lock bag and put it together again and again.
Print this blank name puzzle template on card-stock. Give each student a puzzle template. Students write their name on the puzzle and then cut along the solid lines to separate the puzzle pieces. Give each student a plastic bag to keep their puzzle in so they can work on it later in class or at home.
Click here to download the blank name puzzle template (2 puzzles per page) or click on the thumbnail above right.
8. Sight Word Puzzles.
Print the blank name puzzle template on card-stock. Give each student a puzzle template. Students write a sight word each puzzle and cut along the solid lines to separate the puzzle pieces. Give each student a plastic bag to keep their sight word puzzle in so they can work on it later.
9. Assemble Individual Work Baskets for Each Student. Keep small baskets in each student’s cubby where they can store their name puzzles and take them out during literacy centers. Add small easy readers, magnetic letters, and other independent activities that they can work on during quiet time or during Daily 5.
10. Sight Word Search and Find with Old Magazines. Place a list of sight words, magazines, scissors, and a tray at the table. You can reuse a Styrofoam lunch tray that has been cleaned and sanitized. Instruct students to search for and cut out sight words from the magazines and have them place what they find in the tray. You can use these cut out magazine sight words later for a different literacy center.
11. Magazine Letter Hunt This activity is similar to the one above, except students search for a specific letter for this activity. Specify the letter or letters they will be looking for by cutting out a large letter ahead of time and taping it to the tray. When they find one of the specified letters in the magazine, they can cut it out and place it in the corresponding tray.
12. Sight Word Scavenger Hunt. You can use the sight words that students cut out and collected from the sight word search and find with old magazines activity. Glue sight words to construction paper and cut around them so they are a little more sturdy. You might even want to laminate them. Place these sight words in a tray along with some other words. Give each student a tray, or have students pair up so there are two students looking for sight words in the same tray. Students search through the sight words cross each one off the list once it has been found. Then they place the sight word back in the tray. Kids search for the sight words until they have crossed off all sight words on the list. Once they have found all the sight words, kids can try to make sentences by putting together the words in the tray.
13. Sensory Table Scavenger Hunt. Do you have a sensory table? If so, throw some letters or sight words into a sensory table filled with beans or rice and letting the kids search for them. For this activity, use magnetic letters, or laminated letters or sight words that are printed on paper or card-stock. Then, print out a list of all the letters or sight words. Students say each letter or sight word and then check it off their list once they find it. Students then return the letter or sight word to the sensory table. Challenge each student to find and cross off as many letters or sight words as they can.
14. Go Fishing for Letters.
If you have a sensory table, you can also play Fishing for Letters. Place a bunch of magnetic letters in the sensory table along with some plastic fish or pom-poms. You can use pre-made magnetic fishing rods for kids, such as this set from Lakeshore Learning: Magnetic Fishing Playset. This set also comes with plastic fish that you can have in the sensory table with the letters. If you prefer, you can make your own fishing rods by attaching a magnet to a piece of yarn or cord and tying it to a stick or plastic rod. Kids have so much fun “fishing” for the letters. When they “catch” a letter, they can call out, “A on!” or “X on!” just like they would say, “fish on!” if they were real fishermen! Once they “catch” a letter, have them place it in a bucket. This way, kids can keep track of the letters they have “caught”. Kids absolutely love this activity and it gives them lots of practice with letter identification in a very fun and engaging way!
15. Mini-Alphabet Books.
Kids can create their own mini alphabet books and draw pictures of things that begin with each letter on it’s corresponding page. You will need 3 pieces of plain white copy paper and the Mini Alphabet Book Printable Template. Fold 3 pieces of white copy paper long ways (hot dog style) and cut it in half to make 6 pieces. Fold these in half to make the inside pages of this small book.
Download and print the Mini Alphabet Book Printable Template and assemble the book so that the cover is on the outside and the alphabet chart is on the first page. Staple the pages together to make a book. Make one of these for each student. Gather alphabet books from the classroom library so that children can to “do research” on each letter and find pictures and words of different things that begin with each letter. Kids write the letters in alphabetical order, and draw a picture of things that begin with that letter on each page of their mini alphabet books. Have students fill up their book with lots of words and pictures. This activity will most likely take longer than one block of literacy centers to finish. It is a great activity to work on over a few day, or you can send it home and have parents work on it with their kids.
16. Pokey Pin Sight Words
For this literacy center activity, kids will create sight words by poking push pins through paper so that the sight words can be seen when light shines through the holes. You can hang these up on a window and let the sunlight shine through to reveal the sight words. It is a good activity to help students practice their fine motor skills too. Although the pins could possibly poke the kids, in my experience, my kindergartners have always been extremely careful not to poke themselves during this activity. Even so, you know your kids best, so only let them do this activity if you know they will be careful and responsible with the push pins.
- Push pinsRegular push pins will work just fine for this activity but, just for fun, you could get some of these super fancy push pins from Amazon:
- Black construction paper, cut into 3 x 5 inch rectangles
- Clear tape
- Sight words printed or written on white construction paper and cut into 3 x 5 inch rectangles
- Styrofoam trays or sheets of Styrofoam.
Prepare each sight word that will be poked with a pin. Place a 3 x 5 inch piece of black construction paper under a 3 x 5 piece of white paper with a sight word printed or written on it. Tape the two pieces together with a small piece of clear tape. Do this for each sight word.
Place these poke-ready sight word papers in a basket in the middle of the table, words facing up. Place a small cup of push pins next to the basket.
Students choose one push pin from the cup of push pins and one card with a sight word on it. Students place the sight word card on their Styrofoam tray in front of them. Carefully, students poke through the paper, poking just along the letters, and making sure to push all the way through so that the pin works through both pieces of paper and in to the Styrofoam.
Students cut through the tape that is connecting the two pieces of paper in order to separate the black construction paper, from the written sight word. Have students place completed pokey pin sight words in a plastic bag.
Tape the pokey pin words to a window in the classroom so that words are visible when light shines through the holes. You can also send the pokey pin sight words home with a note so that parents can put the pokey pin sight words up in a window at home.
Free Literacy Centers on TeachersPayTeachers.com
The next few literacy center activities are available for free download on TeachersPayTeachers.com. Teachers Pay Teachers is an invaluable resource for teachers, with thousands of free and inexpensive literacy activities for students in grades pre-k-12. All the activities on TeachersPayTeachers.com are created by teachers for teachers. You do need to create a free account to download resources from TeachersPayTeachers.com but it is definitely worth the few minutes it takes to sign up. If you are a teacher and don’t have a TPT account already, you really need to sign up – like now! In addition to gaining access to tons of great teaching resources, you can also share your own teaching resources as freebies or paid products. The next few resources on this list are TPT products that have been made available for free, by generous individuals in order to share their great ideas with people like us!
17. Sight Words Football (TPT Free Download)
Students can play this football game for a super sporty and fun literacy center designed to give kids practice with 40 beginning sight words. This free download includes a printable game board that resembles a football field, 40 beginning sight words written on little footballs, a printable dice template that you can put together, and instructions for playing the game. Students get into teams and roll the dice to move forward, reading sight words as they go. Correctly read sight words allow a student to move closer and closer to the goal, until they get a “touchdown”. The team with the most touchdowns wins the game. Students keep track of their scores on the scoreboard template, which is also included in the download. Download Sight Words Football Activity (link opens in a new tab).
18. Seasonal Word Cards (TPT Free Download)
Download and print these seasonal writing and word work cards to use for a variety of literacy centers activities in your kindergarten classroom. This download includes cards with beginning sight words, along with cards with pictures and words for different subjects, holidays, seasons, and themes. These cards would be the perfect addition to your writing center and kids could refer to them during writing time, so that they find and spell certain words. They can also use these words while they are writing stories, cards, and lots more!
Students can use these colorful picture and word cards as a guide for putting words together with magnetic letters, writing words on white boards, sculpting words with play-doh, or stringing together words with letter beads.
Simply print the cards with a color printer, cut them apart, and add them to your literacy center. You could also laminate the cards, punch a hole in the top, and add a binder ring to create a useful word reference resource.
19. Highlight a Letter – Letter Identification Activity (TPT Freebie)
This download includes 54 pages of letter worksheets for kindergartners. Each page includes a focus letter that is written in a variety of different fonts. Other letters besides the focus letter also appear on the page. Students look for and highlight each instance of the focus letter in the grid. Kids practice identifying and learning letters as they highlight the focus letter, and avoid writing on the other letters.
The highlighting activity is just one way to use these versatile worksheets though. For each letter, there are two activity mats, one is just the letter grid, the other includes a letter grid and a handwriting practice activity.
The Highlight-A-Letter worksheets can also be used for kindergarten literacy center activities such as these:
- Cut the letters apart and have students complete a letter sort, separating letters into two or three piles by letter name.
- Have students sort the letters into upper case and lowercase piles.
- Glue the letters into alphabet books (all A’s on one page, B’s on the next, etc.).
- Have students put letters together to make sight words.
- Place letters around the classroom and have a letter scavenger hunt.
- Have students place the letters in alphabetical order.
- Put letters in a brown paper bag. Students choose a letter and say a word that begins with that letter. They can also choose a letter and say a word that ends with that letter.
- Lots of other fun and educational uses and activities. I would love to know how you use this resource. Email me with your ideas or leave a comment below!
20. Sight Word Work – Trace, Write, Find, Use, Build (TPT Freebie)
This amazine freebie includes 39 kindergarten sight word worksheets to give kids lots of practice with sight words. Each worksheet includes tracing practice, writing practice, a cut and paste, sight word building activity, and a sentence strip where kids use the word in a sentence. There are 39 pages. 39! for FREE! A STEAL! It’s unbelievable what people are willing to give away these days but I will take it! Get this awesome freebie while you still can!
In addition to using this activity as a literacy center station, you can send these worksheets home as homework, use them as a filler for early finishers, or give a few copies of one page to struggling students, who will benefit from the repetition of doing the activity more than once.
These 39 Sight Words are included in this activity:
a, and, away, big, blue, can, come, down, find, for, funny, go, help, here, I, in, is, it, little, look, make, me, my, not, one, play, red, run, said, see, the, three, to, two, up, me, where, yellow, you.
And those are just a few of the activities that are offered on TeachersPayTeachers.com. There are many, many more free and cheap literacy activities on sites like TeachersPayTeachers.com, and you can find a ton of templates and printables for other subjects like math, science, social studies, music, and art
21. Dot the Alphabet – Students can use an ink dotter to fill in these uppercase and lowercase letters
22. Trace the Uppercase Alphabet ~ Dotted uppercase letters on one page, ready to be printed and traced!